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Archibald Ruddell









































James Ruddell was born August 20, 1758. He died in Boone, Kentucky around 1840, when he was 81 years old.

In the book John Ruddell of Shenandoah by Harold Smutz, James Ruddell is referred to as "one of the garrison at Ruddell's Station when it was captured in 1780, (during the American Revolution.) He stated in his application that in 1777 he served six months in the Shenandoah militia under Col. Abraham Byrd: 1779-80 he served in the KY Co., VA militia under Capt. Isaac Ruddell, was captured 24, June 1780 and remained a prisoner of war until the fall of 1783, and later that fall returned to KY and became a resident of Fayette County. Children were listed in the Haynes Family Bible."

James married Jane MULHERIN, daughter of Charles MULHERIN Jr. (1730-1789.) Jane was born January 25, 1761 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

Jane had previously married Cornelius Ruddell, son of Captain Isaac Ruddell. Cornelius was killed by Natives, the widow Jane Mulherin Ruddell subsequently married Cornelius' first cousin, James Ruddell, son of Archibald and Elizabeth (Beggs) Ruddell.

Jane died around 1834 and 1835. Some records mistakently indicate that she died in 1833, and list the cause as Cholera. There were Cholera outbreaks in Cincinatti (upstream from Boone Co. KY,) in the summer of 1834 and in October of 1834. It is not clear whether Jane was effected by any of these outbreaks, or the exact circumstances of her death.



James & Jane (Mulherin) Ruddell's Children

Elizazbeth b. 8/23/1789 Fayette Co., KY

Archibald b. 10/7/1791 d. 1835 aged 43

Charles b. 10/7/1791 d. 1886

George b. 4/23/1793

Sarah b. 4/23/1795 m John KILGORE

Margaret b. 11/5/1796 Bourbon Co., KY d. 1/18/1882

James b. 9/25/1798

Rebecca b. 4/14/1802

Cornelius b. 7/4/1804


State of Kentucky
County of Boone


On this eighth day of May in the year 1833 personally appeared in open
court before the Honorable Henry Brown _____ Judge of the Boone Circuit Court, now sitting, being a court of record, James Ruddell, a resident of Boone County and State of Kentucky aged seventy-five years (next August) who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832.

That he entered the service of the United States under the
following named officers and served as herein stated.

That he volunteered in Shenandoah County, State of Virginia, in a
company of riflemen under Captain Rader sometime in the year 1777, the month and day of the month not recollected, for six months marched from Shenandoah County to Pittsburgh, from thence to Wheeling, Colonel Bird had command of the Regiment, his General's name was Hand?, the served the whole six months out and was discharged at Wheeling, but owing to the length of time and subsequent misfortunes during the Revolution he has long since lost the paper containing it.

In the year 1779 he was again called on as one of the volunteers
detailed to come to what is now Kentucky to defend the ______ from the merciless invasions of the British and their Indian allies; he served
under the immediate command of Captain Isaac Ruddell, John Bowman was the Colonel who commanded. He served in Captain Ruddell's Company in Kentucky until about the 24th day of June 1780, at which time the British and Indians made an attack on Ruddell's Station, where the troops then were. The Station was taken by the British and Indians, and he became a prisoner of war - he was taken by the Indians to Detroit and there given up to the British, and was through Canada, was a prisoner to them more than two years and six months. At the conclusion of the war and when peace was restored, he was returned to his fellow citizens of Virginia. He afterward moved to Kentucky in the fall of 1783 and settled in the then County of Fayette; in the year 1814 he moved to Boone County where he has resided ever since.

After coming to Kentucky and in the years of 1793 or 1794 he
served a tour in what is generally called Scott's Campaign. While in
Pittsburgh, he knew a Regular Officer named Gipson who was the Colonel and had command of that place.

He further states he has no documentary evidence of his service,
neither is he known to any one who has a personal knowledge of his
service whose testimony he can procure, who can testify to his service.

He hereby relinquishes any claim whatever to a pension or
annuity except the present and he declares that his name is not on
the pension roll of any agency in any state. Sworn to and subscribed the
day and year aforesaid.

James Ruddell

Mr. Churchill Gaines a resident in the County of Boone and Wm. K. Wall residing in the _______ County hereby certify that we are well
acquainted with James Ruddell, who has sworn to and subscribed the above declaration that we believe him to be seventy-five years of age (next August), that is is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion. Sworn and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

W. K. Wall
Churchhill Gaines





Marriage between James Ruddell and Jane (Mulherin) Ruddell.

(scanned by Doug Moore, and forwarded by Robert & K. Perry)

A property deed from 1834, shows a Jenny Ruddell involved in property transactions.

(Deed located through research conducted by Robert & K. Perry.)

"Harrison Co KY suit 4911. Daniel Barton vs William E Boswell Taken 28 and 29  July 1812

Also the deposition of James Ruddle of lawful age and being first duly sworn,  deposith and saith. that he was at the settlement of Ruddle's station in 1779  in company with a number of others. He says that sd station was much  recounted by adventures to this country. He further says that the settlers of  Ruddle's station hunted frequently over on these waters and he has often  heard them speak of having been over to Lee's lick and McFalls lick on Mill  creek before he came over himself which was in 1780. He says that Mill creek  was well known in sd station from the first settlement. He says that he was  taken prisoner by the Indians at Ruddles station in 1780 and he and other  prisoners were taken down upon the south side of the south fork of Licking  and crossed Mill creek near where the widow Coleman now lives and that creek  was well know by that name to them. He says that after his return from the  Indians to Kentucky which was some time in the
year 1783. He knew and hunted  this fork of Mill creek called the south fork. The other principal fork the  north fork. And he believes they were generally known after his return as  aforesaid by those names.

Question by comptfs. Have you not been much accustomed to the woods and as a woodsman and among woodsmen would not this be called the south fork and the other principal fork the north fork of Mill creek? Ann. I have been much accustomed to the woods and I think the forks would be distinguished as before stated. Question by same Have you known on the north side of the Kentucky River any other creek by the name of Mill creek? Ann. I do not and have not known of any other. Question by the defts Which did you call the main fork, the one now called the north fork or the south fork? Ann. From my first acquaintance, I called this south fork the main fork. Question by same Whether or not did you ever hear of this fork called the south fork before 1782. Ann I do not know that I heard them to be distinguished that early. Question by Will E Boswell When were you acquainted with Hinkson's station and at what time? Ann. I raised corn there in the year 1779. Question
by complts What kind of oak do you call the trees which this corner is made? Ann. A large red oak & white oak & black oak The black oak & white oak growing together at the root and now blown up & a buckeye marked SM marked also as a corner. Question by defts. Did you ever see these corner trees before today? Ann. I did not. Question by same Whether or not could you tell the kind of trees as well as if they were standing considering their decayed state. Ann. The large red oak and white oak are known to me but the black oak is not. And further this deponent saith not. Jas Ruddle."

Note the above William E. Boswell, is most likely the same Lt. Col. Boswell, who led James' sons, Charles & George to Fort Meigs, in March of 1813.



Deed Book C page 189 says 27 day june 1814

between james coleman adm of the estate of Tho Carneal decd of Fayette co and James Ruddell of Boone co KY  the sum of seventeen hundred and forty dollars that the land was in boone county on the waters of the Ohio river  263 1/2 acres Beginning at the sugar tree then at the upper corner of the Ohio of Patrick Wallis 120 acres


(Compiled by Lucy Ruddell Walz, and forwarded by Robert & K. Perry)



This letter shows that Thomas Carneal's son, Thomas Jr., was a soldier with James' cousin Abraham in the War of 1812.


Letter from Oct. 1812:


Alexannder Depew

"This day at twelve o'clock we arrived at this place, after a rapid journey of forty miles per day.  We had heard on the road that Gen. Harrison was about to march to Detroit, and we wished if possible to join him before he set out.  After we had passed Piqua about 6 miles, we met Capt. Trotter, of the Lexington dragoons, who informed us that Gen. Harrison would set out with all his army for Detroit in three weeks; that he ahd ordered Capt. Garrard's troop of horse, from their march towards fort Defiance, back to this place to recruit their horses to fight the British in Canada; and that during those three weeks the mounted volunteers were to scour the frontier towards the head waters of the Wabash, and destroy all the Indian towns in that quarter.  But an unexpected event, has for a time thwarted all these designs.  A part of the army, composed of three regiments commanded by Col. Allen, Scott, and Lewis also the regulars under Col. Wells, and Capt. Garrard's dragoons, all under the command of General Winchester, were on their march to fort Defiance, cutting hteir road as they went, and when they arrived within about 4 miles of the fort, they were surrounded by so large a body of Indians, that they were unable to proceed backwards or forwards.  Yesterday about two o'clock PM and express arrived to Gen. Harrison, from Gen. Winchester, stating that the detachment under his command was entirely surrounded by a very large number of Indians; that they had been compelled to fortify their camp, by making a breast work of logs on all sides of them.  The breast-work is about 5 ft high.   The express stated that in consequence of the Indians having surrounded them, they had received no provisions for several days; that they had nothing but beeves, adn but few of them.  And he desired immediate relief, lest his troops should be either starved to death or cut to pieces by the Indians.  Two hours after the express came Gen. Harrison with his whole army marched to his relief.  The express was brought by Thomas D. CARNEAL of Frankfort and Abraham RUDDELL.  They say that from the trails of the the Indians they must be equal to the army under Gen. Winchester (which is composed of two thousand men.)  They further state that htey saw the tracks of four or five wagons or carriages by which they suppose the Indians have cannon with them.   They further state that five of the spies belonging to Allen's regiment were killed by the Indians and two wounded.

The army under Gen. Harrison has advanced about 25 miles from this place.

Capt. Trimble and myself shall set out tomorrow morning at daylight with 5 or 6 hundred mounted riflemen and infantry from the state of Ohio to join the army.  We expect to have a battle the day after tomorrow, which will be the day on which we expect to reach fort Defiance.

N.B.  Richard M. Johnson commands the regiment of mounted volunteers from Kentucky.

Chillicothe October 14 (1812)